А. The UNESCO Bioethics Program

The UNESCO Bioethics program was established in 1993. Within the framework of the Program the Organization conducts international conferences and seminars, develops international legal instruments in the field of bioethics, being, thus, the leading organization in this area.

Within the framework of the Program two advisory bodies are functioning:

The International Bioethics Committee (IBC), which unites 36 independent experts and includes Professor O.I.Kubar, Head of the Pasteur Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology as a member in his personal capacity. It is also the founder of the Forum of Ethics Committees of the CIS countries;

The Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC) composed of representatives from 36 Member States of UNESCO. Russia was elected to the IGBC at the 34th Session of the General Conference of UNESCO in October 2007.

Significance for Russia:
• The keeping of the proprieties and respect for human rights in the biomedical field is an urgent task that requires skilled expertise. Achieving this objective will be facilitated by the participation of Russian scientists (doctors, biologists, philosophers, lawyers) in the development of both domestic legislation and international norms in this area. Only a wide public discussion of bioethical issues can adequately define ethical guidelines for science and their subsequent codification.