Not only biology and medicine should comply with the ethical principles. It is essential that all science in general does not contravene the moral foundations. In 1998 on the initiative of UNESCO the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST) was established, which includes 18 experts in a personal capacity (from the Russian Federation - the Head of Division of Ethics of the Institute of Philosophy Professor R.G.Apresyan).
COMEST advises the Director-General of UNESCO on current ethical issues in various branches of scientific and technological activities (environmental ethics, ethical aspects of climate change, the ethics of nanotechnology, etc.). Particular emphasis is placed on the need for proper teaching of ethics courses.
Significance for Russia:
• Russia's experience is quite popular in the teaching of ethics and exploration of the ethical implications of a scientific activity. For Russia, the innovative and technological scenario of further development is unthinkable without the support of internationally agreed ethical principles.