Preliminary proposals by the Director-General concerning the Draft Programme and Budget for 2012-2013 (36 C/5)

Major Programme II – Natural sciences

63. Underscores the critical contribution of natural sciences to sustainable development and a culture of peace and non-violence;

64. Stresses the need for UNESCO to promote international cooperation and regional initiatives in the natural sciences;

65. Endorses the strong focus on the development of science, technology and innovation policies and the support for the emergence of a culture of innovation in developing countries, in particular Africa, in conjunction with multiple partners from civil society and at the grassroots level;

66. Underscores the need to strengthen programmes for women and girls in the natural sciences as well as in engineering;

67. Emphasizes the importance of science, technology and innovation as factors of social inclusion and human development, in particular for youth, thereby also strengthening a culture of peace and non-violence;

68. Endorses the importance attached to activities relating to sustainable development and climate change benefiting small island developing States (SIDS);

69. Underscores the need to develop further South-South and North-South-South cooperation in the natural sciences, in particular in higher education and research;

70. Considers that UNESCO should strengthen its cooperation with other organizations of the United Nations system and other intergovernmental organizations in science and technology;

71. Emphasizes the need to cooperate with National Commissions in the delivery of Major Programme II;

72. Further emphasizes the need to strengthen cooperation with civil society and local organizations in the implementation of Major Programme II;

73. Supports the development of public-private partnerships in the area of natural sciences; 74. Calls for the catalytic mobilization of the broad range of networks in the field of science and technology, including UNESCO Chairs and category 2 centres;

75. Welcomes the development of activities aimed at leveraging scientific knowledge for the benefit of the environment and the management of natural resources;

76. Underlines the potential of improved governance and management of shared water resources for the prevention of social conflicts;

77. Further underlines the importance of comprehensive water education and capacity-building to the rational and fair use of freshwater and the attainment of MDG 7;

78. Underscores the importance of developing action by the Natural Sciences Sector for the benefit of countries in post-conflict and post-disaster situations and of scaling up efforts aimed at the prevention and mitigation of natural hazards, including the creation of earlywarning systems and the strengthening of capacity development at the national level;

79. Supports the focus on the use of renewable energies and on energy efficiency in national policies and strategies;

80. Expresses its strong support for IOC and IHP activities and their continued development, with

emphasis on enhanced support to the IOC, in particular in favour of Africa, the Arab States and the Caribbean;

81. Underscores that the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, with its solid and highquality World Network of Biosphere Reserves, is a unique and strategic asset to UNESCO, which deserves more global advocacy and recognition as a living laboratory and teaching site for sustainable development;

82. Stresses the need to support Member States in the area of biodiversity, particularly with respect to ecosystem health and human well-being in a context of global environmental change, including climate change;

83. Underlines the need to pursue science education at all levels, in particular in higher education and research and through centres of excellence in research, as well as innovative media approaches, and welcomes intersectoral collaboration especially in regard to Major Programmes I and V activities;

84. Acknowledges the high value of traditional knowledge systems and of science activities in favour of indigenous populations;

85. Urges the full and effective use of new technologies, in particular ICTs and space technologies;

86. Highlights the need for Major Programme II and Major Programme III to collaborate on issues relating to the ethics of science and technology;

87. Considers it important for UNESCO to develop future-oriented analysis and policy dialogue on the broad range of emerging trends and challenges in the natural sciences, focusing in particular on climate change;