Cultural criteria: ii, v
Year of inclusion in the List of World Heritage: 2013
These are the ruins of an ancient city founded by the Dorian Greeks in the 5th century BC on the northern coast of the Black Sea. The object consists of six elements, including the ruins of the city and cultivated land, divided into several hundreds of rectangular areas of the same size, used to grow grapes; vineyard products were intended for export and kept Chersonese prosperous until the 15th century. Inside there are several complexes of public buildings, residential zones and monuments of early Christianity. Here one can also find the ruins of the Stone and Bronze Ages settlements, Roman and medieval tower fortifications and water supply systems, as well as extremely well-preserved vineyards and divide walls. In the 3th century AC, Chersonese was known as the most successful wine-making center on the Black Sea and served as a link between Greece, the Roman Empire, Byzantium and the peoples of the northern Black Sea coast. Chersonese is an outstanding example of the democratic organization of agriculture around an ancient city that reflected the urban social structure.