Ecological characteristics: The Reserve (previously a National Park) is a specially protected natural area, a model of historical mastering by humans, an object, which has conserved centuries-old history and culture of the Russian North. It is illustrated by natural complexes and objects, lots of material and sacred monuments of culture, and rich ethnographic materials. The area covered by mixed pine-spruce forests and here about 5000 ha little-disturbed primeval taiga forests are conserved. There are 322 vertebrate species including 50 species of mammals, 263 species of birds, 4 species of reptiles and 5 species of amphibia. Many of them are not typical for ecosystems of the Russian North. It is an Important Bird Area (IBA). The area is peculiar by its hydrographic net and has about 300 lakes, rivers and streams belonging to the White and Baltic Seas’ basins. Cultural landscapes play an important role in the forming of high biodiversity level of this protected area. This territory has unique historical-cultural heritage presented by monuments of wooden architecture - 39 chapels, 11 churches and bell-fries, other monuments of civil architecture, 27 obey crosses, 39 monuments of archeology, most of which are under Federal protection. There are 42 sacred groves, sacred stones, single sacred trees appeared on the sites of pagan places of burial conserved from ancient, pre-Christian time. An exceptional representativeness of cultural landscapes makes this Reserve unique, not having an analogue in Russia and in the World.

Declaration date: 2004

Surface area: Total 139663 ha

Core area: 18688 ha

Buffer zone: 71951 ha

Transition areas: 49024 ha

Administrative division: Arkhangelskaya oblast

Protection classifications: National Park

Human activities: Within or outside the area some negative impact could have hunting and fishing poaching; increase fire danger; breaking natural succession processes; lowering number of antropophobic species; disturbance to wildlife populations; disappearance of traditional cultural landscapes; substitution of natural ecosystems by artificial ones; environmental pollution.

Contact information: Kenozersky Biosphere Reserve, 78, Naberejnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk City, 163000 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 818 22 86523, E-mail:, web-site: