Ecological characteristics: The territory of the reserve is situated within the boundaries of the Kuma-Manych Depression and the spurs of the Salo-Manych Ridge. The reserve appears to be a reference area for zone steppes of Eurasia, i.e. the very natural environment that existed here before an intensive human intervention. The flora includes at least 460 species of plants, among them eight species are in the Endangered-Species List of the Russian Federation (Tulipa schrenkii, Iris pumila, Stipa zalesskii, Bellevalia sarmatica, Calophaca wolgarica etc.). The fauna is represented by more than 30 species of mammals and more than 219 species of birds, 32 of which are in the Endangered-Species List of the Russian Federation (Falco naumanni, Falco peregrinus, Anthropoides virgo, Otis tarda, Aqila rapax, Aquila clanga, Aqila heliaca, Gavia arctica, Pelecanus onocrotalus, Pelecanus crispus, Platalea leucorodia, Plegadis falcinellus etc.). Nine species of reptiles and three species of amphibians. The reserve is situated within the limits of the biggest flyway in Eurasia connecting the European part of Russia and Western Siberia with Northern and Eastern Africa, Middle East and Indochina which is why the reserve and its buffer area make part of the Lake Manych-Gudilo Wetlands of International Importance.

Declaration date: 2008

Surface area: Total 463814,9 ha

Core area: 9464.9 ha

Buffer zones: 74350 ha

Transition areas: defined – 100 000 ha; negotiated additional - 280 000 ha

Administrative division: Rostovskaya oblast

Human activities: Crop cultivation, hay production and cattle grazing, maintenance of roads and power lines, impact of tourists and local people on shoreline zones, fishing with illegal tackles.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Rostovsky State Nature Reserve, 102, per. Chapaevsky, Orlovsky settlement, Orlovsky district, Rostovskaya oblast, 347510 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 863 75 31410, e-mail: