NAME OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE - Tsentralnochernozemny

Ecological characteristics: The Reserve is one of the oldest in Russia. It was created in 1935 to conserve the chernozem soils and the last nonplaughed plots of virgin steppe with multicolored herbs. It consists of six clusters: Streletski (2046 ha), Kazatski (1638 ha), Barkalovka (368 ha), Bukreevy Barmy (259 ha), Zorinski (495 ha), Poima Psla (481 ha). There are 950 species of vascular plants, among them there are some interesting species of steppe and chalk deposits which is never met in other Reserves of Russia: Koeleria talievii, Erucastrum cretaceum, Astragalus albucarulis, Androsace koso-poljanskii, Daphne cneorum, Linum hirsutum and other. The forest inheritance is not rich. There are small pieces of wood with predominance of Quercus robur and with poor undergrowth broken by clearings and pastures. A natural recovery of multi-species broad-leaved forest is going on. Fauna of the Reserve is rich and consists of: 3500 species of insects, 10 - amphibians, 5 - reptiles, 220 - birds, 50 -mammals

Declaration date: 1978

Surface area: Total 16567 ha

Core area: 6287 ha

Buffer zone: 10280 ha

Transition areas: Not defined

Administrative division: Kurskaya oblast

Human activities: Change of a special-purpose designation of the agricultural land; poaching; construction of houses, roads, communication lines, etc.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Tsentral'nochernozemny Biosphere Reserve, p/o Zapovednoe, Kurskaya oblast, 305528 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 471 2 565829, E-mail: alekhin@zapoved.kursk.ru